However, if you can’t turn to your local gardening centre for advice – or even seeds or seedlings – there is absolutely no shortage of know-how that first-time growers can tap into across the country. “There is a long history of cannabis cultivation in Canada and the usa,” says John Fowler, CEO of the Supreme Cannabis Company and a long-time home-grow advocate.
Fowler says two groups of home horticulturalists will probably emerge after legalization – one of that will grow the plants as a curiosity, the other for quality and consumption. “You will find the people who are doing it cause it’s novel and they’re probably only going to do it once and (will) put a few seeds in beside the tomato plants,” he says.
“And Hopefully a large number of (these) Canadians be able to enjoy the beauty this is the cannabis operating. Having said that, the chances that you get something worth consuming or should consume after that is certainly relatively low.” Quality herb is tough, Fowler says and needs much equipment and attention – beginning with seed selection.
Seed selection is a point of first selecting a strain, of which you will find hundreds or even thousands, says Keith Kwong, owner of Calgary’s Upper Canada Seed Bank. Kwong says seeds may be selected for plant size – to match individual growing constraints – and for the concentrations of intoxicating THC or medicinal CBDs they will likely produce.
He places his seeds on wet paper towels for 24 hours so that they will sprout before planting. Growers looking for a buzz off their product have to get female seeds, says Bjorn Dawson, founder and CEO of Waterloo’s Grobo Inc. Only female plants produce the buds where active ingredients accumulate in a plant, says Dawson, adding that “feminized” seeds are offered but that there is absolutely no guarantee even these will all be the same sex.
And Fowler cautions that some seeds will surely produce inferior highs. “Every seed is sort of a sibling which means you don’t know. You might have one (be a) doctor or you might have one (be considered a) couch potato,” he says. Will Hyde, a subject matter expert at Leafly Canada, says growers could be more certain of the product by utilizing clones – or cuttings – from plants that have an established quality.
These can be created through taking a branch from an adult plant, placing it in water and a growing medium until it forms a root, says Dawson, whose company sells hydroponic systems. For those in a rush to begin their home production in October, the only option is to do it inside. That means either potting the pants or employing a hydroponic system.
Potting them in soil is definitely the cheaper of the two options says Dawson, but he will not recommend using the same kinds of garden centre soils you’d buy to your spring tomato planting. “I’d recommend likely to one of the hydroponic shops where they could take you step-by-step through it a bit better because you are likely to need to then add nutrients over time,” he says. Dawson says the types and timings of fertilizer use depends on the soil you begin with and the stain of cannabis you decide on.
“There are a whole lot of factors that would enter into that, and that’s one of many challenges about trying to start growing cannabis all on your own, it takes a lot of research,” he says. For hydroponic systems, plants are placed in ground-up coconut-husk pods which hold them steady above the water as the roots dangle into the liquid. That liquid is balanced for ph levels and has shifting amounts of nutrients depending on the plant’s development stage.
“If you’re searching for the best way to start it’s going to be in soil. If you’re searching for the quickest grow times and ideal results it’s going to be in hydroponics but it’s harder,” he says. If you’re thinking about growing it in your home this fall, you have to know this: cannabis is not really an excellent roommate. To start with, it deserves the lights left on for many hours on end. And 2nd of, it stinks. Thus experts say, it’s nearly essential which you have a spot to grow you pot in isolation.
This is often a room of it’s own, a higher-end system like Dawson’s, a purpose built-grow tent or perhaps a jerry-rigged container of your own device, says Jason Makuch, chief product officer at Leafly Canada. Plants, he says, need 18 hours of continuous light each day throughout their growing or “vegetative stage and 12 hours when they’re in flower. The sunshine, which provides the plant its menkzs and fall cues on growth and flowering, could be created by either high-pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide bulbs.
LED lights will also be being used more and more, Makuch says. And while they cost more to buy, they suck up much less electricity over their lifetime. An easy Christmas-light timer can be installed to turn them on and off. With regards to smell, which grows increasingly pungent as the plant matures, special carbon-pellet filter boxes can be found that may be put into venting outlets on the plant container. There are also masking items that can be found in spray and gel form. Fowler cautions that home growers residing in condominiums should check board rules regarding cannabis growth and that all should ensure their electrical circuitry is up to code.